Subtheme 1.- Terrestrial biocomplexity: Function and linkages in land and water ecosystems
One of the most striking patterns on Antarctic region is the dramatic geographic variation in biodiversity. Yet, we lack a robust body of theory to account for this variation. Current lines of research are aimed to understand the patterns and the processes behind the Antarctic terrestrial complexity and are starting to include the spatial and temporal dimension, the phylogenetic history and multiple interactions with macro- and microclimatic factors.
Subtheme 2.- Integrated perspectives on Antarctic marine ecosystems: From krill to top predators
Studies of krill and top predators have been carried out independently from each other. An ecosystemic perspective is needed to fully understand how current changes are affecting the ecological interactions of the different components of the Antarctic trophic web. Contributions to increase our understanding of the functioning of the Antarctic food web through the biology of its components and their interactions are then welcome.
Subtheme 3.- Human impacts on Antarctic ecosystems: From global change to small scale impacts
Over the past few decades some Antarctic ecosystems are changing rapidly while others much less so. As a consequence of these impacts the invasion of non-Antarctic species is taking place in some Antarctic regions. In this subtheme the effects of these impacts will be explored from a multidisciplinary and inter-ecosystemic approach, covering different space and time scales.
Subtheme 4.- Physical and biogeochemical processes in the Antarctic ecosystem: Flexible boundaries and dynamic gradients
Physical and biogeochemical processes are integral to ecosystem development, and the trajectories followed in response to environmental variation and change. Interactions within and between terrestrial and marine ecosystems play key roles in shaping biological communities. This is especially important in the context of ongoing anthropogenic global change. Multidisciplinary studies relating biotic and abiotic variables are particularly important and welcomed in this theme.
Subtheme 5.- Antarctic marine biodiversity: Patterns, processes and trends in an ancient ecosystem
Biodiversity is a transversal and multidisciplinary research topic. All aspects related with taxonomy, species biology, populations and communities studies and environmental relationship would be welcome. Genetic, molecular and ecological approaches to understand diversification and evolution processes are pertinent.
Subtheme 6.- Outreach and Education
Scientific knowledge and advances should be more connected to society, and should even become the basis of its future challenges. Bringing the poles closer to society is important in the context of an interconnected world. Outreach and especially educative past experiences and future projects or ideas, as well as hands-on activities would be welcome.