Research group

Physical and Technological Oceanography

Physical and Technological Oceanography Group

We study the ocean’s role on the Earth system

Research Physical and Technological Oceanography Group

The Physical and Technological Oceanography Group focuses on the study of the physical properties of the ocean, its behavior and role in the climate of the Earth using the principle of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics. It is the largest Spanish physical oceanography department and that with the most extensive scientific production. Its interests focus on the observation (both in situ and remote sensing) and analysis of the ocean physical environment at a broad range of spatio-temporal scales. Its members include physicists, engineers, and oceanographers with complementary skills that work together to further our understanding of the ocean dynamics by combining experimental, numerical and theoretical approaches. The group members are especially committed at mentoring students and offering specialized courses, participating in numerous public outreach activities, and steering citizen science initiatives.

STAFF
00
PUBLICATIONS*
61
FUNDING*
3516
k€
* Data from the last two years

Group members

Senior Researcher

Postdoc Researcher

Postdoc Trainee

Predoc Trainee

Technician

Administration

  • Celia Rovira
    (Research Assistant)

Most relevant information

    Destacats

    C. Gabarró: Spanish delegate to the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).

    J. Isern: Member of ICATMAR Steering Committee.

    J.L. Pelegrí: Member of the Science Team on Observing and Modeling the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the South Atlantic; Member of the Laboratorio Internacional de Cambio Global; Member of ICATMAR Steering Committee.

    J. Piera: Member of the steering committee of the European Citizen Science Association (ECSA)

    M. Portabella: Member of the ESA & EUMETSAT SCA Science Advisory Group (SCA SAG); Member of the NASA International Ocean Vector Wind Science Team (IOVWST).

    A. Turiel: Member of the SMOS Quality Working Group (QWG); Chairman of the SMOS Barcelona Expert Centre (BEC)

    Publicacions
    • Romera-Castillo, Cristina; Pinto, María; Langer, Teresa M.; Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón; Herndl, Gerhard J.;
      2018

      Dissolved organic carbon leaching from plastics stimulates microbial activity in the ocean

      Nature Communications 9: 1430 (2018)
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03798-5
    • Olmedo, Estrella; Taupier-Letage, I.; Turiel, Antonio; Alvera-Azcárate, Aida;
      2018

      Improving SMOS Sea Surface Salinity in the Western Mediterranean Sea through Multivariate and Multifractal Analysis

      Remote Sensing 10(3): 485 (2018)
      http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs10030485
    • Cardellach, Estel; Wickert, Jens; Baggen, Rens; Benito, Javier; Camps, Adriano; Catarino, Nuno; Chapron, Bertrand; Dielacher, A.; Fabra Cervellera, Fran; Flato, Greg; Fragner, H.; Gabarró, Carolina; Gommenginger, Christine; Haas, Christian; Healy, Sean; Hernández-Pajares, Manuel; Høeg, P.; Jäggi, Adrian; Kainulainen, J.; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Lemke, Norbert M.K.; Li, Weiqiang; Nghiem, Son V.; Pierdicca, Nazzareno; Portabella, Marcos; Rautiainen, Kimmo; Rius Jordán, Antonio; Sasgen, Ingo; Semmling, Maximilian; Shum, C.K.; Soulat, François; Steiner, Andrea K.; Tailhades, Sébastien; Thomas, Maik; Vilaseca, R.; Zuffada, Cinzia;
      2018

      GNSS Transpolar Earth Reflectometry exploriNg System (G-TERN): Mission Concept

      IEEE Access 6: 13980-14018 (2018)
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2814072
    • Ramírez-Pérez, Marta; Twardowski, M.; Trees, C.; Piera, Jaume; McKee, D.;
      2018

      Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas

      Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123(1): 720-737 (2018)
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013453
    Projectes
    • SOBRE LA CONTINUIDAD DE LAS MISIONES SATELITALES DE BANDA L: NUEVOS PARADIGMAS EN PRODUCTOS Y APLICACIONES

      Period: from 2018 to 2021
      Funding entity:
      PN2017 - PROY I+D+I - PROGRAMA ESTATAL DE I+D+I ORIENTADA A LOS RETOS DE LA SOCIEDAD - PLAN ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN CIENTÍFICA Y TÉCNICA Y DE INNOVACIÓN 2013-2016
      Principal Investigator:
      Portabella Arnus, Marcos, Physical and Technological Oceanography
      Acronym:
      L-BAND
      Ref.:
      ESP2017-89463-C3-1-R
      Amount awarded:
      475000.00€
      Abstract:

      The European Space Agency’s (ESA) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission can be considered a success story from many points of view. On the technological side, the instrument has proved to be very stable and robust, providing high-quality measurements, despite the processing complexity. On the scientific side, the SMOS data have exceeded all expectations. In particular, maps of the main mission variables (soil moisture and sea surface salinity) are currently served with higher accuracy and resolution than foreseen. Moreover, new emerging applications of high societal impact are currently being derived and exploited from SMOS data. By understanding the value and uniqueness of the L-band radiometry information content, ESA and NASA have recently launched several initiatives on the continuity of passive low-frequency microwave missions. While the possibility of a SMOS follow-on is being openly discussed, a gap-filler, i.e., the Chinese Ocean Salinity mission, has already been approved to be launched around 2019. One of the most important emerging applications of L-band radiometers comes from their ability to provide sea ice thickness estimates below 0.7 meters, i.e., thin ice. Although thin ice was considered exceptional (and seasonal) a few decades ago, nowadays the presence of thin ice can represent up to 80% of the Arctic sea ice. Moreover, traditional cryosphere satellite radar missions are unable to provide ice thickness estimates below 1 meter. The precise knowledge of sea ice is crucial to improve climate model forecasts and to assess the impact of the current Arctic sea ice melting trend on Europe's climate. It is thus strategic for Europe and Spain to have continuous, good quality monitoring of the Arctic thin ice, which can only be provided by L-band radiometers like SMOS and the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission. Other emerging applications include the estimation of extreme winds, the detection and monitoring of serious threats for agriculture and forestry resources, and new research on the impact of the slow dynamics of ocean salinity on Earth climate. In the L-BAND project, we will further exploit the information content of L-band radiometers in order to ensure the successful exploitation of future missions. In particular, we will develop new products for applications of high economic and societal impact, and that will demonstrate the need for L-band continuity Spain is strategically very well positioned for a SMOS follow-on mission, since both the industry and the academia had a main role in the inception, design, construction, and operations of SMOS. With the L-BAND project, we aim at consolidating the leading role of Spain in the development and operations of any future mission exploiting L-band capabilities.

    Contractes