Research group

Physical and Technological Oceanography

Climate change, ocean circulation, turbulence, remote sensing, modelling, data assimilation, cryosphere science, marine technology

The Physical and Technological Oceanography Group focuses on the study of the physical properties of the ocean, including its role in the Earth’s climate system, using the principles of fluid dynamics and thermodynamics. The group emphasis is on the observation (both in situ and remote sensing) and analysis of the ocean physical environment over a broad range of spatio-temporal scales. The makeup of the group includes physicists, engineers, and oceanographers with complementary skills and working together to further our understanding of the ocean dynamics by combining experimental, numerical and theoretical approaches. The group members are committed to mentoring students, offering specialized courses, and participating in numerous public outreach activities.

Most relevant information

    Destacats

    C. Gabarró: Spanish delegate to the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC); Secretaria de la Sección de Ciencias Criosféricas de la Comisión Española de Geodesia y Geofísica.

    J. Isern-Fontanet: Member of ICATMAR Steering Committee.

    J.L. Pelegrí: Member of the Science Team on Observing and Modeling the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the South Atlantic; Member of ICATMAR Steering Committee.

    M. Portabella: Member of the ESA & EUMETSAT SCA Science Advisory Group (SAG); Chairman of the Barcelona Expert Centre (BEC).

    A. Turiel: Member of the SMOS Quality Working Group (QWG); Coordinator of CSIC’s Interdisciplinary Platform Teledetect.

    C. González-Haro Co-chair of the Task Team on Feature Fidelity of the GHRSST.

    Publicacions
    • Umbert, Marta; De Andrés, Eva; Gonçalves, Rafael; Gutiérrez-García, Marina; Raj, Roshin P.; Bertino, Laurent; Gabarró, Carolina; Isern-Fontanet, Jordi;
      2023

      Surface and interior dynamics of Arctic Seas using Surface Quasi-Geostrophic Approach

    • Martín-Rey, Marta; Vallès Casanova, Ignasi Berenguer; Pelegrí, Josep Lluís;
      2023

      Upper-Ocean Circulation and Tropical Atlantic Interannual Modes

      10.1175/JCLI-D-22-0184.1
    • Piracha, Aqeel; Olmedo, Estrella; Turiel, Antonio; Portabella, Marcos; González-Haro, Cristina;
      2023

      Using satellite observations of ocean variables to improve estimates of water mass (trans)formation

      10.3389/fmars.2023.1020153
    • Wade, Malick; Rodríguez-Fonseca, Belén; Martín-Rey, Marta; Lazar, Alban; López-Parages, Jorge; Gaye, Amadou Thierno
      2023

      Interdecadal changes in SST variability drivers in the Senegalese-upwelling: the impact of ENSO

      10.1007/s00382-022-06311-3
    • Zoeller, Victoria Christine; Viúdez, Álvaro;
      2023

      Elastic Interaction Between a Mesoscale Eddy-Pair and an Axisymmetrical Eddy

      10.1029/2022JC019597
    Projectes
    • INTERACT - Synergistic approaches for a new generation of Earth Observation products and Applications

      Period: from 2021 to 2024
      Funding entity:
      PN2020 - PROY I+D+I - PROGRAMA ESTATAL DE I+D+I ORIENTADA A LOS RETOS DE LA SOCIEDAD - PLAN ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN CIENTÍFICA Y TÉCNICA Y DE INNOVACIÓN 2017-2020
      Acronym:
      INTERACT
      Ref.:
      PID2020-114623RB-C31
      Amount awarded:
      400000.00€
      Abstract:

       

      INTERACT aims at new Earth Observation (EO) variables and at operational and climate applications, based on the capability capitalization of three teams (CSIC, UPC and USAL) with long joint research trajectory on satellite remote sensing (RS). The cornerstones of INTERACT are i) the definition of new EO concepts based on the synergy of missions, variables and applications, creating new, added-value assets; ii) the capitalization of the RS expertise of the teams; and iii) the integration of such assets in the Barcelona Expert Center (BEC) production and distribution system to reach the community at large. In an age of intense and rapid changes in the economy and the environment, INTERACT aim is beyond established, monolithic paradigms of single missions, single variables, to better respond to the societal needs. Synergy at all levels (instrumental, variable, application) is the leitmotiv of INTERACT. Thanks to this synergistic approach, INTERACT gathers together the expertise on data processing and aims at a new generation of EO products, with a special focus on long-term series of enhanced spatio-temporal resolution variables: sea surface salinity on semi-enclosed seas and polar regions, sea ice parameters, wind forcing, coastal and extreme ocean winds, chlorophyll concentration, water quality, vegetation optical depth, plant water content, vegetation biomass, etc. New and enhanced information content is generated to address crucial scientific questions: Which changes are taking place on the ocean surface due to climate change? How are fast mesoscale convective systems affecting the atmospheric flow? Can we forecast the next crop yield with good accuracy? Which is the impact of the changes in land runoff? Are climate patterns modifying soil moisture, affecting vegetation hydric stress and favoring risks like wildfires, floods and disease spread? The vertex of this synergistic, integrative effort of INTERACT is the assembling of some major pieces of the Earth system (interactions between ocean, atmosphere and land), aiming at variables never previously described by RS means.