Grup de recerca

Oceanografia física i tecnològica

Physical and Technological Oceanography Group

Estudiem el paper de l’oceà en el sistema terrestre

Research Physical and Technological Oceanography Group

El Grup d’Oceanografia Física i Tecnològica posa el focus en l’estudi de les propietats físiques de l’oceà, el seu comportament i el seu paper en la regulació del clima de la Terra mitjançant el principi de la mecànica de fluids i la termodinàmica. És el departament d’oceanografia física més gran del territori espanyol i el de major producció científica. Entre els seus interessos figuren l’observació (tan in situ com remota) i l’anàlisi del medi físic oceànic en un ampli rang d’escales espaciotemporals. Els seus membres inclouen físics, enginyers i oceanògrafs amb habilitats complementàries que treballen junts per aprofundir en la nostra comprensió de la dinàmica oceànica combinant enfocaments experimentals, numèrics i teòrics. Els membres del grup són especialment actius en tutoritzar estudiants i oferir cursos especialitzats, així com en participar en nombroses activitats de divulgació científica i dirigir iniciatives de ciència ciutadana.

RESEARCHERS
00
PUBLICATIONS*
61
FUNDING*
3516
K€
* Data from the last four years

Membres del grup

Personal Investigador Senior

Investigador/a Postdoctoral

Estudiant predoctoral

Personal tècnic

Administració

  • Celia Rovira
    (Research Assistant)

Informació més relevant

Destacats

C. Gabarró: Spanish delegate to the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).

J. Isern: Member of ICATMAR Steering Committee.

J.L. Pelegrí: Member of the Science Team on Observing and Modeling the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the South Atlantic; Member of the Laboratorio Internacional de Cambio Global; Member of ICATMAR Steering Committee.

J. Piera: Member of the steering committee of the European Citizen Science Association (ECSA)

M. Portabella: Member of the ESA & EUMETSAT SCA Science Advisory Group (SCA SAG); Member of the NASA International Ocean Vector Wind Science Team (IOVWST).

A. Turiel: Member of the SMOS Quality Working Group (QWG); Chairman of the SMOS Barcelona Expert Centre (BEC)

Publicacions
  • Romera-Castillo, Cristina; Pinto, María; Langer, Teresa M.; Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón; Herndl, Gerhard J.;
    2018

    Dissolved organic carbon leaching from plastics stimulates microbial activity in the ocean

    Nature Communications 9: 1430 (2018)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03798-5
  • Olmedo, Estrella; Taupier-Letage, I.; Turiel, Antonio; Alvera-Azcárate, Aida;
    2018

    Improving SMOS Sea Surface Salinity in the Western Mediterranean Sea through Multivariate and Multifractal Analysis

    Remote Sensing 10(3): 485 (2018)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs10030485
  • Cardellach, Estel; Wickert, Jens; Baggen, Rens; Benito, Javier; Camps, Adriano; Catarino, Nuno; Chapron, Bertrand; Dielacher, A.; Fabra Cervellera, Fran; Flato, Greg; Fragner, H.; Gabarró, Carolina; Gommenginger, Christine; Haas, Christian; Healy, Sean; Hernández-Pajares, Manuel; Høeg, P.; Jäggi, Adrian; Kainulainen, J.; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Lemke, Norbert M.K.; Li, Weiqiang; Nghiem, Son V.; Pierdicca, Nazzareno; Portabella, Marcos; Rautiainen, Kimmo; Rius Jordán, Antonio; Sasgen, Ingo; Semmling, Maximilian; Shum, C.K.; Soulat, François; Steiner, Andrea K.; Tailhades, Sébastien; Thomas, Maik; Vilaseca, R.; Zuffada, Cinzia;
    2018

    GNSS Transpolar Earth Reflectometry exploriNg System (G-TERN): Mission Concept

    IEEE Access 6: 13980-14018 (2018)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2814072
  • Ramírez-Pérez, Marta; Twardowski, M.; Trees, C.; Piera, Jaume; McKee, D.;
    2018

    Inversion of In Situ Light Absorption and Attenuation Measurements to Estimate Constituent Concentrations in Optically Complex Shelf Seas

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123(1): 720-737 (2018)
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013453
Projectes
  • SOBRE LA CONTINUIDAD DE LAS MISIONES SATELITALES DE BANDA L: NUEVOS PARADIGMAS EN PRODUCTOS Y APLICACIONES

    Period: from 2018 to 2021
    Funding entity:
    PN2017 - PROY I+D+I - PROGRAMA ESTATAL DE I+D+I ORIENTADA A LOS RETOS DE LA SOCIEDAD - PLAN ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN CIENTÍFICA Y TÉCNICA Y DE INNOVACIÓN 2013-2016
    Principal Investigator:
    Portabella Arnus, Marcos, Oceanografia física i tecnològica
    Acrònim:
    L-BAND
    Ref.:
    ESP2017-89463-C3-1-R
    Amount awarded:
    475000.00€
    Resum:

    The European Space Agency’s (ESA) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission can be considered a success story from many points of view. On the technological side, the instrument has proved to be very stable and robust, providing high-quality measurements, despite the processing complexity. On the scientific side, the SMOS data have exceeded all expectations. In particular, maps of the main mission variables (soil moisture and sea surface salinity) are currently served with higher accuracy and resolution than foreseen. Moreover, new emerging applications of high societal impact are currently being derived and exploited from SMOS data. By understanding the value and uniqueness of the L-band radiometry information content, ESA and NASA have recently launched several initiatives on the continuity of passive low-frequency microwave missions. While the possibility of a SMOS follow-on is being openly discussed, a gap-filler, i.e., the Chinese Ocean Salinity mission, has already been approved to be launched around 2019. One of the most important emerging applications of L-band radiometers comes from their ability to provide sea ice thickness estimates below 0.7 meters, i.e., thin ice. Although thin ice was considered exceptional (and seasonal) a few decades ago, nowadays the presence of thin ice can represent up to 80% of the Arctic sea ice. Moreover, traditional cryosphere satellite radar missions are unable to provide ice thickness estimates below 1 meter. The precise knowledge of sea ice is crucial to improve climate model forecasts and to assess the impact of the current Arctic sea ice melting trend on Europe's climate. It is thus strategic for Europe and Spain to have continuous, good quality monitoring of the Arctic thin ice, which can only be provided by L-band radiometers like SMOS and the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission. Other emerging applications include the estimation of extreme winds, the detection and monitoring of serious threats for agriculture and forestry resources, and new research on the impact of the slow dynamics of ocean salinity on Earth climate. In the L-BAND project, we will further exploit the information content of L-band radiometers in order to ensure the successful exploitation of future missions. In particular, we will develop new products for applications of high economic and societal impact, and that will demonstrate the need for L-band continuity Spain is strategically very well positioned for a SMOS follow-on mission, since both the industry and the academia had a main role in the inception, design, construction, and operations of SMOS. With the L-BAND project, we aim at consolidating the leading role of Spain in the development and operations of any future mission exploiting L-band capabilities.

Contractes